What happens when the world’s largest space agency gets hit by simultaneous arbitrary budget cuts and accusations of security lapses? It starts pulling up the drawbridges, that’s what.
On March 13, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden issued a new policy on NASA personnel travelling to conferences: they can’t. In response to sequestration cuts that went into effect March 1, NASA decided that all personnel would be forbidden to attend any conference in the non-continental United States and would have to justify their attendance at any other conference, including “substantial participation” in the conference, which description does not apply to attendance or moderating a panel.
On March 16, the FBI arrested Bo Jiang on suspicion of removing sensitive information from his job as an aviation safety researcher at the NASA Langley Research Center and attempting to take it back to China. The arrest followed a public campaign by US Congressman Frank Wolf to implicate Chinese nationals working at NASA facilities in charges of espionage. Wolf’s accusations include NASA interns attempting to report their summer’s work back to their home universities overseas as well as Jiang, against whom the only evidence of espionage appears to be attempting to return to China just before his visa expired and carrying with him a second laptop, a hard drive, and a SIM card. In the aftermath, NASA launched an investigation into all 200+ foreign nationals working at its facilities and eliminated public access to NASA documents.
On March 22, Bolden issued a memorandum cancelling all outreach and education activities as another sequestration measure. Inspiring and training the next generation is largely seen as one of NASA’s key functions – as well as a mechanism to generate public support and thereby increase funding. The outcry against the late-Friday decree nearly drowned out outrage at the conference ban.
Sometime between these events, the NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) went offline. The site now reads:
The NASA technical reports server will be unavailable for public access while the agency conducts a review of the site’s content to ensure that it does not contain technical information that is subject to U.S. export control laws and regulations and that the appropriate reviews were performed. The site will return to service when the review is complete.
The move is widely seen as a response to Wolf, who chairs the subcommittee in charge of NASA appropriations, who stated March 18 that “NASA should immediately take down all publicly available technical data sources until all documents that have not been subjected to export control review have received such a review and all controlled documents are removed from the system.”
This is a disappointing and unexpected turn of events in the very year that reform to the onerous International Trafficking in Arms Regulation (ITAR) was finally issued, promising some relief to engineers and scientists trying to collaborate across borders to advance and improve space utilization. The NTRS database is widely used both inside and outside the United States as a valuable resource in all space-related fields of endeavor.
“There is a HUGE amount of material on NTRS,” space policy analyst Dwayne Day told the Federation of American Scientists’ Secrecy News. “If NASA is forced to review it all, it will never go back online.” Given the timing, it can only be hoped that any graduate students planning to deliver dissertations referencing NTRS documents had the foresight to download copies.
In addition to NTRS, it appears a database of Mercury/Gemini/Apollo documents at NASA Fort Worth have also been withdrawn. What technical value 30-60 year old historical records might have at this point doesn’t seem to have factored into the decision-making in this instance. The approach is sure to chill relations between collaborating agencies and laboratories, with NASA employees and contractors pulling in their heads for fear of being the next one to be fingered for security violations.
In no other field, excepting perhaps studies of avian flu variants, is scientific endeavor subjected to such constraints. The outcome is likely to be reduced collaboration, an increase in preventable mistakes and accidents, increased duplication of research, and a slower global rate of advancement. If ever there was a time for NASA and its legislative controllers to admit they can’t go it alone, now would be that time.
Bolden himself seems somewhat swept along in the current, expressing frustration in a Congressional hearing March 19 that NASA is expressly prohibited from cooperating with China. “We’re the only agency of the federal government that does not have bilateral relations with China,” he said. In the same hearing, Bolden blamed Congress’ reluctance to fund NASA initiatives for lack of US preparedness to deal with potentially hazardous asteroids. “From the information we have, we don’t know of an asteroid that will threaten the population of the United States,” he told the committee, “but if it’s coming in three weeks, pray.”
NASA’s leadership position in world space endeavours has already been under attack in recent years due to its floundering strategic plan, lack of human spaceflight capability, shrinking budget, and string of mission cancellations. While other space agencies are becoming more collaborative to deal with economic constraints, NASA is becoming only more insular. Between sequestration, a steady tattoo of ‘regular’ budget cuts, and nationalistic witch hunts, it is hard to see how the US space agency can hold onto the mantle of pioneering space exploration’s future for very much longer.
Opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the positions of Space Safety Magazine, the International Space Safety Foundation, or the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety.